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Dr. Glenn Borchardt
gborchardt@gmail.com
Tel: 510-654-1619
Cell: 510-VIA-SOIL

Progressive Science Institute
P.O. Box 5335
Berkeley, CA 94705-0335
United States

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View count: 1111
Borchardt, Dr. Glenn     (Easy Link: http://www.worldsci.org/people/Glenn_Borchardt)
Author, Philosopher, Scientist

Interests: Relativity, Ether, Aether, Gravity, Neomechanics, Cosmology, Infinity, Infinite Universe Theory, Scientific Philosophy, Univironmental Determinism, Scientific Worldview, Universal Cycle Theory
Nationality: USA
Age: 72
Born: Tuesday, July 28, 1942

Assumptions:
01. MATERIALISM: The external world exists after the observer does not. (2009-11-01 13:22:10)
02. CAUSALITY: All effects have an infinite number of material causes. (2009-11-01 13:26:23)
03. UNCERTAINTY: It is impossible to know everything about anything, but it is possible to know more about anything. (2009-11-01 13:27:10)
04. INSEPARABILITY: Just as there is no motion without matter, so there is no matter without motion. (2009-11-01 13:28:47)
05. CONSERVATION: Matter and the motion of matter neither can be created nor destroyed.(2009-11-01 13:37:07)
06. COMPLEMENTARITY: All things are subject to divergence and convergence from other things.(2009-11-01 13:37:27)
07. IRREVERSIBILITY: All processes are irreversible.(2009-11-01 13:38:05)
08. INFINITY: The universe is infinite, both in the microcosmic and macrocosmic directions.(2009-11-01 13:38:31)
09. RELATIVISM: All things have characteristics that make them similar to all other things as well as characteristics that make them dissimilar to all other things.(2009-11-01 13:39:00)
10. INTERCONNECTION: All things are interconnected, that is, between any two objects exist other objects that transmit matter and motion.(2009-11-01 13:39:22)

Definitions:
Matter:A portion of the universe having xyz dimensions and location relative to other portions of the universe. Matter always contains other matter.(2009-11-01 13:45:45)
Microcosm:A portion of the universe. All things are microcosms. Microcosm replaces the need to use the concept of a system or object.(2011-06-21 14:41:07)
Mass:A property of matter measured by its resistance to an applied force.(2009-11-01 13:48:10)
Neomechanics:An adaptation of classical mechanics that uses the assumption of microcosmic and macrocosmic infinity.(2011-12-23 15:16:59)
Empty Space:An idea hypothesizing the absence of matter.(2009-11-01 14:14:13)
Solid Matter:An idea hypothesizing the absence of space.(2009-11-01 14:14:56)
Time:Motion(2009-11-01 13:43:27)
Determinism:The belief that all effects have mechanical causes.(2011-06-21 14:38:15)
Indeterminism:The belief that some effects do not have mechanical causes (e.g., a belief in free will).(2011-06-21 14:40:09)
Univironment:The composition and properties of a particular microcosm and its macrocosm at a particular moment.(2011-06-21 14:43:20)
Macrocosm:The portion of the universe that resides outside of a particular microcosm. The entire universe equals a particular microcosm plus its macrocosm.(2011-06-21 14:42:18)


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Books:
2011Universal Cycle Theory: Neomechanics of the Hierarchically Infinite Universe
2007The Scientific Worldview: Beyond Newton and Einstein
2004The Ten Assumptions of Science: Toward a New Scientific Worldview

Abstracts Online:
2008Resolution of the SLT-Order Paradox
2009The Physical Meaning of E=mc2
2004Ten Assumptions of Science and the Demise of Cosmogony
2007The Scientific Worldview and the Demise of Cosmogony
2007Infinite Universe Theory
2010Unified Cycle Theory: Integration Toward a Cause
2011Failure of the Relativistic Hypercone
2011Einstein's Most Important Philosophical Error
2012Neomechanical Gravitation Theory

Media Online:
2010-07-31VideoTen Assumptions of Science - Part 3
2010-01-16VideoThe Ten Assumptions of Science, Part 2
2009-08-30VideoThe Ten Assumptions of Science: First Steps in the Overthrow of the Big Bang Theory (Part 1)

Event Attendence:
2012-07-2519th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2011-11-26Unified Field Theory: Report on Boscovich International Conference 2011Video Conference
2011-10-22Finite Theory of the Universe, Dark Matter Disproof and Faster-Than-Light SpeedVideo Conference
2011-07-30The Scientific WorldviewVideo Conference
2011-07-16Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the UniverseVideo Conference
2011-07-09NPA Public Day 2Public Day
2011-07-08Sagnac Awards BanquetAwards
2011-07-0618th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2011-04-30Plasma Redshift CosmologyVideo Conference
2011-04-16Practicism: The Unifying Body of Understanding for EverythingVideo Conference
2011-02-12Gravitational Lensing in Empty Vacuum Space Does NOT Take PlaceVideo Conference
2010-08-07An Introduction to Electric Universe TheoryVideo Conference
2010-07-31The Ten Assumptions of Science, Part 3Video Conference
2010-07-17A Solution for the Dark Matter Mystery Based on Euclidean RelativityVideo Conference
2010-06-25Sagnac Awards BanquetAwards
2010-06-2317th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2010-06-23Gravity GroupGroup
2010-01-16The Ten Assumptions of Science, Part 2Video Conference
2009-08-30The Ten Assumptions of Science: First Steps in the Overthrow of the Big Bang Theory (Part 1)Video Conference
2009-05-2516th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2008-04-0715th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2007-05-2114th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
2004-04-0711th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference

Biography

Glenn Borchardt has over fifty years of practical and theoretical experience in earth science. He has produced over 300 scientific reports, including consulting reports, journal articles, book chapters, books, and computer programs. Borchardt is the Director of the Progressive Science Institute in Berkeley, California.

History

Glenn Borchardt was born in Watertown, Wisconsin 300 years after Newton. He grew up on a dairy farm, observing first-hand the evolution of farming from horses to air-conditioned tractors. On fatherly advice, he attended the University of Wisconsin, receiving B.S. and M.S. degrees in soil science, a multidisciplinary field in which rocks were shown to evolve into the soils necessary for life on earth. On wifely advice, and faced with radiometric ages greater than 6,000 years, he converted from Lutheran fundamentalism to atheism at the age of 22. The work at Madison combined laboratory experiments in soil mineralogy and soil chemistry with summer fieldwork as a soil surveyor. The lure of studying soils in the mountains of Oregon brought him to Oregon State University, where he received his Ph.D. degree after completing a thesis on "Neutron Activation Analysis for Correlating Volcanic Ash Soils". Forgoing an offer to continue similar work on lunar samples, Borchardt accepted a prestigious NRC postdoctoral associateship with the USGS in Denver, Colorado. Here he used nuclear methods to correlate volcanic ash from much of the western US. It was at this time that he devised the SIMAN coefficient for similarity analysis, which is used widely for comparing multivariate analyses of ash samples.

Professional Work

Turning down a professorship in nuclear science in Brazil, Borchardt accepted a position as a geochemist with what is now the California Geological Survey. Here he spent five years studying the clay mineralogy of landslides by using x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, atomic absorption, and other methods. A proposal to build a 600'-high dam across numerous earthquake faults along the American River above the state capital brought Borchardt's expertise in soils into the field of seismology. Along with others, Borchardt showed that faults thought to have been 60 million years old actually had small amounts of movement during the last 10,000 years, bringing dam construction to a halt. This work helped to initiate a new field, "soil tectonics", in which the ages of soils are estimated for use in assessing seismic hazard due to ground rupture. Most buildings in California no longer can be constructed across active faults (one showing tectonic displacement at the surface during the last 10,000 years). In addition to dating soils, Borchardt has been part of a team of scientists who produced numerous earthquake planning scenarios. These books contain maps of the damage expected after hypothetical earthquakes along major urban faults in California. As a spokesman for the team, he has presented papers on this approach in the Soviet Union, Russia, and Spain. One especially interesting project involved the evaluation of historic earthquakes that occurred before 1849 when California's population was sparse and newspapers nonexistent. One primary result: the supposed 1836 earthquake along the Hayward fault actually occurred on the San Andreas fault at San Juan Bautista, over 100 km away. This information helped to designate the northern Hayward fault through Berkeley as most likely to produce the next major urban earthquake in the US. In 1990 Borchardt taught soil mineralogy at the University of California in Berkeley as a visiting professor. He retired from the California Geological Survey in 2004, continuing to provide soil age estimates as the principal of Soil Tectonics (http://soiltectonics.com/). Since 1966, he has authored or co-authored over 320 scientific reports and publications, include several books and computer programs, as well as chapters on soil smectites and soil tectonics in major textbooks. As an avocation, he has studied scientific philosophy since 1976, stimulated by what he thought to be the outrageous claims of cosmologists that the universe exploded out of nothing. His systematic examination of the presuppositions underlying this so-called "Big Bang Theory" showed them to be anything but scientific.

Current Work

As the Director of the Progressive Science Institute, in Berkeley (www.scientificphilosophy.com), Borchardt published The Ten Assumptions of Science: Toward a New Scientific Worldview (iUniverse, 2004), in which he outlined ten fundamental, non-provable beliefs that served as the foundation of all scientific investigation. The opposing assumptions, just as non-provable, were considered the foundation for belief in the supernatural. His assumption of microcosmic and macrocosmic infinity is a thread running through each of the assumptions. Their suitability was shown by their consupponibility, that is, if one can assume one of them, one can assume all the others without contradiction. The work was published when conventional scientific theory admitted to few assumptions, though the belief in finity and matterless motion clearly was manifested in the popularity of the Big Bang Theory. Borchardt's assumptions implied that the universe had no origin.

Publications

In 2007 Borchardt published the culmination of his work as "The Scientific Worldview: Beyond Newton and Einstein (Understanding the Universal Mechanism of Evolution)" (iUniverse, 2007) as a logical outgrowth of his 2004 book, "The Ten Assumptions of Science." Borchardt's "univironmental theory" claims that the proper way to look at a thing is to see its activities as a result of the interaction between the thing (the microcosm) and its surroundings (the macrocosm). He showed that univironmental determinism was the universal mechanism of evolution and encouraged the dismissal of neo-Darwinism as being a severely limited special case. First, in being applicable only to the biological domain, and second, in reducing the microcosm to genetics. Borchardt predicts that univironmental theory will have a great impact in many fields, particularly modern physics, cosmology, and philosophy. The advent of univironmental theory presages the beginning of the end for the Big Bang and many of its associated theories. The proposed scientific revolution will be the last step in the pre-Copernican stage of human evolution. Although the reluctance is manifest, the acceptance of the universe as infinite and eternal will be an essential part of the great global social transformation brought about by the Industrial Revolution. In addition, Borchardt maintains that all philosophies are subject to microcosmic and macrocosmic errors. Solipsism is overly microcosmic; fatalism is overly macrocosmic. The correct philosophy, according to Borchardt, is univironmental determinism, which is the simplest and greatest generalization of all: what happens to a portion of the universe is equally dependent on the infinite matter in motion inside it and the infinite matter in motion outside of it.

In 2011 Stephen J. Puetz and Borchardt published "Universal Cycle Theory: Neomechanics of the Hierarchically Infinite Universe," which is the first book to provide a detailed interpretation of current physical and cosmological data based on Borchardt's Ten Assumptions of Science. In addition to an alternative to the Big Bang Theory, the book presents a new theory that explains the physical cause of gravitation as the result of gravitational pressure gradients that develop initially due to vortex motion in the aether. Statistically verified universal cycles first discovered by Puetz in 2009 are hypothesized to be the result of variations in aether density produced by compression waves.

Education

  • 1969 Ph.D., Soil Mineralogy, Oregon State University, Corvallis
  • 1966 M.S., Clay Mineralogy, University of Wisconsin, Madison
  • 1964 B.S., Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Glenn has authored hundreds of papers and three notable books on scientific philosophy:

  • 2004 The Ten Assumptions of Science
  • 2007 The Scientific Worldview
  • 2011 Universal Cycle Theory (with Stephen J. Puetz)

Books by Dr. Glenn Borchardt



View count: 5934
The Scientific Worldview: Beyond Newton and Einstein

by Dr. Glenn Borchardt

KeyWords: einstein

Pages: 411
Publisher: iUniverse
Year: 2007
ISBN: 0595392458 paper
ISBN: 0595837735 hc
ISBN: 0595836372 pdf

Websites: www.scientificphilosophy.com
Buy it now

Description

The Scientific Worldview provides nothing less than the first outline of the philosophical perspective that will develop during the last half of the Industrial-Social Revolution. Borchardt first acknowledges the perpetual philosophical struggle that underlies our understanding of the universe and our place in it. The choice we must make is not between faith and reason, but between determinism and indeterminism. He warns us that scientific philosophy must begin with determinism and end with determinism: the belief (or faith) that all effects have material causes. His elaboration on this theme provides a clear philosophical foundation, The Ten Assumptions of Science, intriguing in itself for its innovation in proposing a complement to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Worldviews differ simply because they are founded on ultimately unprovable dialectically opposed assumptions. Just as one cannot determine the causes of all effects, one cannot travel to the end of the universe to prove whether it is infinite or finite. His belief in microcosmic and macrocosmic infinity is woven throughout the assumptions and throughout the book. The central concept of the resulting philosophical system is univironmental determinism, a new, universal, mechanism of evolution founded on the simple proposition that whatever happens to a thing is a result of the infinite variety of matter in motion within (the microcosm) and without (the macrocosm). Borchardt points out that the first mechanism of evolution, natural selection, was classically, overtly, and embarrassingly macrocosmic. Like Newton and the atomists before him, Darwin had totally neglected the insides of his evolutionary model. It was left to systems philosophers in the 20th century to include genetics to formulate what is otherwise known as neo-Darwinism, the current mechanism of evolution. Borchardt faults this mechanism as being overly specialized and relatively useless for understanding the evolution of the non-biological world. Univironmental determinism thus goes beyond Newton (classical mechanism), who overemphasized the macrocosm, and Einstein (systems philosophy), who overemphasized the microcosm. These two earlier scientific world views must be abandoned in favor of a worldview that unites both approaches under univironmental theory. Borchardt outlines numerous examples of univironmental analysis, resulting in some surprising, yet theoretically satisfying speculations: Gravity is a push, not a pull; light is motion; time is motion; there is an ether; Big Bang cosmology must be rejected as microcosmic; humanity will not cause its own extinction; the global demographic transition in 1989 marks the midpoint in humanity's juvenile development.


View count: 5812
The Ten Assumptions of Science: Toward a New Scientific Worldview

by Dr. Glenn Borchardt

Pages: 125
Publisher: iUniverse
Year: 2004
ISBN: 0-595-31127-X paper
ISBN: 0-595-66263-3 hc
ISBN: 0-595-75955-6 pdf

Websites: www.scientificphilosophy.com
Buy it now

Description

The Ten Assumptions of Science presents the logically coherent set of assumptions destined to define 21st century scientific philosophy. Glenn Borchardt first explains why assumptions and not absolutes are necessary for scientific thinking. By exploring the opposition between deterministic and indeterministic views, he clearly shows how critical choices among underlying assumptions either clarify or muddle scientific analysis.He shows how customary mixtures of deterministic and indeterministic assumptions are responsible for the current confusion in modern physics. According to Dr. Borchardt, only rare physicists and philosophers have an inkling of the nature of time, space, energy, and matter. The need for reassessing our fundamental assumptions is indicated by the present sorry state of cosmology. Otherwise intelligent scientists promulgate the idea that the universe expanded from a tiny "singularity" smaller than the period at the end of this sentence. At the very least, adherence to Borchardt's assumptions will contribute to the rejection of the "Big Bang Theory," which has surpassed the flat Earth theory as the greatest embarrassment to serious thinkers everywhere.

Although the book makes an excellent supplement to college courses in scientific philosophy, it is an astounding eye-opener for the educated reader with an interest in science and philosophy. Except for the introduction, which covers the necessity for fundamental assumptions and the method for discovering them, this book is now Chapter 3 in The Scientific Worldview.



View count: 24473
Universal Cycle Theory: Neomechanics of the Hierarchically Infinite Universe

by Stephen J. Puetz, Dr. Glenn Borchardt

KeyWords: gravitation, ten assumptions of science, Einstein, SRT, GRT, volcanism, climate, cycles, Big Bang Theory, BBT, gravitational pressure gradient, vortices, compression waves, vortex, Local Mega-Vortex,

Pages: 626
Publisher: Outskirts Press
Year: 2011
ISBN: 1432781332
ISBN: 978-1432781330

Websites: www.universalcycletheory.com
Buy it now

Description

There are only two elements that make the Universal Cycle Theory radical - cycles and infinity. Other than that, much of what you read in the book will seem familiar and conventional. The book focuses on these key elements in the following ways.

Cycles are crucial because they explain how matter moves. Motions develop because of two types of cycles - vortices and waves. A vortex causes matter to rotate, which produces circular cycles. And waves cause matter to compress-and-decompress in repeated oscillations, which produce linear cycles. According to the Universal Cycle Theory, these two basic motions explain much, if not most, of what happens in the universe.

Infinity is crucial because it explains the extent and structure of the universe. Based on logic and observations, we assume that matter is infinitely divisible and integrable. We also assume that time was infinite in the past and will be infinite in the future. From the literature, we could not find an example of this concept of infinity previously employed in a model of the universe. Indeed, this model is unique. Importantly, it explains many of the paradoxes and contradictions currently riddling physics and cosmology.

This explains the title of our book - Universal Cycle Theory: Neomechanics of the Hierarchically Infinite Universe. Cycles explain the motions in the universe, infinity explains the hierarchical structure of the universe, and neomechanics explains the physical laws used in the theory. Think of neomechanics as an adaptation of classical mechanics to conform to infinity.

The neomechanical worldview offers something that no other theory has to this point - unique insights and perspectives into some of the most challenging dilemmas facing scientists. For example, the neomechanical model helped us discover the cause of gravitation. More than three centuries ago, Newton developed an equation for gravitation. However, no one has ever identified the actual physical cause. The prevailing view, of course, is that gravity is a pull; whereas, we describe it as a push.

Gravitation follows the inverse-square law, just as Newton said; it involves inertia, just as Einstein said; it involves pushing, just as Lesage said; it includes vortex motion, just as Descartes said; and it entails aether, just as many philosophers since the ancient Greeks said. Even though we agree with these old and much-debated gravitational theories, none of them are adequate. In formulating the neomechanical theory of gravitation, we took the best from the best, and added a few new ideas. The rest fell into place with little effort. We discovered that gravitation results from aethereal pressure - nearly the same as air pressure. After reading the book you will wonder: "Why didn't I think of that myself?"

New theories purporting to explain the universe are common. However, supporting a theory with credible evidence is another story. This book explains the physical reason for gravitation in great detail. Of course, gravitation is so basic, and its solution formerly so intractable, that one should expect the discovery of its physical cause to impinge on the rest of science. As exciting as it is, this discovery only represents the tip of the iceberg. It also gives solutions to other puzzles by using neomechanics. The revelations included dark matter, dark energy, dark flow, black-holes, magnetic bonding, molecular bonding, light wave propagation, geomagnetic reversals, volcanic episodes, climatic cycles, mass-extinction cycles, and much, much more. To make a long story short, it has too much intriguing content to tell in this brief introduction.

Papers by Dr. Glenn Borchardt



Resolution of the SLT-Order Paradox

(2008)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com



(5 pages)

2008, 15th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Albuquerque, NM, United States
Keywords: Second Law of Thermodynamics, Infinite Universe Theory, Newton's First Law of Motion, complementarity, divergence, convergence

Lookup: convergence (5), complementarity (2), divergence (2), theory (173), law (61), universe (60), newton (32), motion (71), thermodynamics (15), second (4), infinite (10)

Abstract:

The Second Law of Thermodynamics (SLT) states that the entropy or disorder of an isolated system can only increase. And yet, we see numerous systems all around us that that clearly have decreasing entropy and increasing order: the SLT-Order Paradox. Systems philosophers have proposed numerous solutions to the paradox without success. From Schr?dinger?s ?negentropy? to Prigogine?s ?fluctuations,? ?distance from equilibrium,? ?nonlinearity,? or ?self-organizing,? there always has been residual bias in favor of the system over the environment. At one extreme, the SLT was said to predict the eventual ?heat death? of the finite, expanding universe. As with all paradoxes, however, the solution simply involves a change in beginning assumptions. The paradox dissolves if one considers the universe to be infinite. Then, the SLT is a law of divergence; its complement is a law of convergence. Matter leaving one portion of the infinite, 3-dimensional universe invariably converges upon matter in another portion of that universe. Destruction in one place leads to construction in another place. The resulting complementarity shows the SLT to be a restatement of Newton?s First Law of Motion in which the word ?unless? is replaced by the word ?until,? in tune with Infinite Universe Theory. The imagined ?ideal isolation? required by the SLT has an equally imaginary ?ideal nonisolation? required by its complement. All real systems come into being at the behest of relative nonisolation and dissipate at the behest of relative isolation. Complementarity is essential for univironmental determinism, the universal mechanism of evolution stating that what happens to a portion of the universe is determined by the infinite matter in motion within and without.



The Physical Meaning of E=mc2

(2009)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com




Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 6, No. 1

2009, 16th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Storrs, CT, United States

Abstract:

Although Einstein's popularization of E=mc2 made it the most famous equation in history, few people understand what it actually means in physical terms. Many popular accounts maintain that it describes the conversion of matter into ?pure energy,? often construed as a kind of matterless motion. Today, ?dark energy? and ?dark matter? are spoken of as if they were two different ?things.? Some even hypothesize that the universe was filled with pure energy before it became filled with matter. This estrangement between matter and motion (separability) is common in popular culture and underlies the regression in modern physics led by Einstein. There will be no fundamental change in modern physics until we adhere to the opposing assumption, INSEPARABILITY (Just as there can be no motion without matter, so there can be no matter without motion). Without it, it is impossible to explain the physical meaning of the equation. Like all equations involving aspects of reality, E=mc2 simply refers to the transformation of one kind of matter in motion into another kind of matter in motion and/or the transformation of one kind of the motion of matter into another kind of the motion of matter. The experimental success of the equivalence principal led to the further objectification of energy and that other infamous matter-motion term, spacetime. It was precisely at this point that Einstein left the realm of reality. Energy actually does not exist and does not move. It is simply a mathematical description of the motion of matter. Matter does not ?contain? energy, for matter only can ?contain? other things in motion. Energy is simply a mathematical term necessary for describing and relating the various forms of the motion of matter. Similarly, Einstein's objectification of spacetime led to the strange belief that the universe actually had four dimensions instead of three. Spacetime may be useful in some descriptions, but it is no more ?real? than energy. It is time to return to the two fundamental phenomena presented by the universe: matter and the motion of matter.



Ten Assumptions of Science and the Demise of Cosmogony

(2004)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com
Click here to read an online version of the paper or slide presentation
Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 1, No. 1, pp. 3-6

2004, 11th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Denver, CO, United States
Keywords: materialism, causality, uncertainty, inseparability, conservation, complementarity, irreversibility, infinity, relativism, interconnection

Lookup: infinity (3), conservation (25), uncertainty (8), causality (3), complementarity (2)

Abstract:

The absurdities in current physics and cosmology are founded on indeterministic presuppositions uncovered in this review. Once subconsciously held presuppositions are stated, they become assumptions, objects amenable to study. Each indeterministic assumption has its deterministic opposite. To obtain a logically coherent set of fundamental assumptions, one must include generalized infinity, which is resisted vehemently by the present culture. Nonetheless, the ten deterministic assumptions are:
  1. MATERIALISM: The external world exists after the observer does not.
  2. CAUSALITY: All effects have an infinite number of material causes.
  3. UNCERTAINTY: It is impossible to know everything about anything, but it is possible to know more about anything.
  4. INSEPARABILITY: Just as there is no motion without matter, so there is no matter without motion.
  5. CONSERVATION: Matter and the motion of matter neither can be created nor destroyed.
  6. COMPLEMENTARITY: All things are subject to divergence and convergence from other things.
  7. IRREVERSIBILITY: All processes are irreversible.
  8. INFINITY: The universe is infinite, both in the microcosmic and macrocosmic directions.
  9. RELATIVISM: All things have characteristics that make them similar to all other things as well as characteristics that make them dissimilar to all other things.
  10. INTERCONNECTION: All things are interconnected, that is, between any two objects exist other objects that transmit matter and motion. Among the primary conclusions: time is motion, light is motion, the universe is Euclidean, there is a dynamic ether, gravitation is a push, and the "Big Bang Theory" must be replaced by the infinite universe theory.

This was initially published as an abstract in: Borchardt, Glenn, 2004, The ten assumptions of science and the demise of cosmogony [abs.], in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Southwestern and Rocky Mountain Division, Metropolitan State College of Denver and the Colorado-Wyoming Academy of Sciences, 79th Annual Meeting of AAAS-SWARM, pp. 22-23.]




The Scientific Worldview and the Demise of Cosmogony

(2007)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com
Click here to read an online version of the paper or slide presentation
Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 4, No. 1, pp. 16-19

2007, 14th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Storrs, CT, United States
Keywords: ten assumptions of science, univironmental determinism

Lookup: infinity (3), conservation (25), uncertainty (8), causality (3), complementarity (2), science (35), assumptions (8)

Abstract:

The absurd idea that the universe exploded out of nothing is a common-place among today?s mathematicians, cosmologists, astronomers, and physicists. Cosmology has become cosmogony, the dubious study of the ?origin? of the universe. The entire universe is being treated conceptually as a ?system;? a finite, isolated entity. We have reached an intellectual dead end. How do we get out of it? My new book, The Scientific Worldview: Beyond Newton and Einstein, shows the direction we must take. Mere calculation and additional rose-colored observation will be to no avail, for the persistence of the Big Bang Theory (BBT) is rooted in the perpetual philosophical struggle that underlies our understanding of the universe and our place in it. In philosophy, as in science, it is necessary to begin with assumptions. One cannot travel to the end of the universe to prove whether it is infinite or finite. To begin with the assumption of finity, as mathematics and the BBT demand, is to end with finity. However, if one chooses the philosophical alternative, infinity, then the irrationality perpetrated by the BBT disappears and cosmology becomes legitimate. We are left with an eternal, infinite universe that, as David Bohm maintained exactly 50 years ago, can never yield complete equations for even one phenomenon. The Scientific Worldview describes how this universe works via the universal mechanism of evolution, ?univi-ronmental determinism.? Univironmental determinism is the simple proposition that what happens to a portion of the universe is determined by the relationship between the infinite matter in motion within (the microcosm) and the infinite matter in motion without (the macrocosm). In the scheme of things, the BBT is pre-Copernican and symptomatic of the myopic worldview held by society at large. The BBT cannot be rejected without rejecting finity.



Infinite Universe Theory

(2007)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com
Click here to read an online version of the paper or slide presentation
Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 4, No. 1, pp. 20-23

2007, 14th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Storrs, CT, United States
Keywords: Big Bang Theory, infinity, infinite, inseparability

Lookup: infinity (3), infinite (10), theory (173), big (24), bang (23)

Abstract:

The inevitable rejection of the Big Bang Theory (BBT) will lead to a more enlightened and more logical theory, but what will it be? The BBT will be replaced by the Infinite Universe Theory (IUT). It will produce the greatest revolution in science since Copernicus. A change of this magnitude will not come easily, probably not for decades, but it will come. The outlines of IUT can be seen by examining the logical defects of the BBT. A side-by-side comparison of the two theories not only shows the logical superiority of IUT, but it points the way to fertile fields of research and experimentation while rejecting still others. Among the predictions of IUT: time is motion; there is an ether; light is wave motion; the galactic redshift is due primarily to absorption; gravity involves a push, not a pull; there is a complement to the Second Law of Thermodynamics; light bending near massive bodies is refraction due to a dense etherosphere; galactic ages will not correlate with distance from Earth; the universe is Euclidean and not expanding; empty space and solid matter are ideas, not reality; matter has only three dimensions. Among the illegitimate pursuits: cosmogony, non-Euclidean mathematics; unification of physics via a single equation; objectification of time; and energy viewed as matterless motion. Welcome to the infinite universe!



Unified Cycle Theory: Integration Toward a Cause

(2010)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com
Stephen J. Puetz
puetz.steve@gmail.com



Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 7, pp. 46-52

2010, 17th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Long Beach, CA, United States
Keywords: volcanic episodes, climate change, intergalactic density, ether, cycle theory, univironmental determinism, microcosm, macrocosm, submicrocosm, supermicrocosm, ten assumptions of science

Lookup: aether (102), theory (173), science (35), change (7), assumptions (8), density (7)

Abstract:

Previous work supplied the data and statistical support for the Unified Cycle Theory, which showed the connection between various recurring earthly as well as cosmic phenomena. A theoretically infinite sequence of cycles (EUWS) occurs throughout the universe, connected by a single factor of three. The period of each larger cycle, whether it be a geological epoch or climatic fluctuation, is three times the next smallest cycle. Statistical analysis showed that the identified cycles are neither subjective nor random. The universal range of these cycles begs a universal cause. With naturally occurring oscillations tied to the EUWS cycles serving as key evidence, we present a new Theory of Infinitely Oscillating Density and Magnetism. We hypothesize that these fluctuations conform to Borchardt's Ten Assumptions of Science. In terms of univironmental determinism, all microcosms within the universe constantly oscillate in both density and magnetism. These microcosms are bathed in a sea of supermicrocosms capable of transmitting different motions dependent on the EUWS fluctuations. The Theory of Infinitely Oscillating Density and Magnetism integrates concepts from both standard and alternative theories. This integrated theory helps to explain numerous mysteries that have long puzzled physicists, astronomers, geologists, climatologists, economists, and sociologists.



Failure of the Relativistic Hypercone

(2011)

Steven Bryant

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com



Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 8, pp. 99-102

2011, 18th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, College Park, MD, United States

Abstract:

Einstein built relativity theory upon foundational conceptual shapes such as a spherical wave and a hypercone. He created the hypercone by defining l, or light-time, as l = ct. Conceptually and mathematically, Einstein then used l, or light-time, as a replacement for Time, t, in his derivation. Here we find that light-time, l, is actually a measure of Distance, not Time, because the result of a Velocity multiplied by a Time is always a Distance. Because Time and Distance cannot be used interchangeably, its mistreatment as both a Time and a Distance invalidates Einstein's hypercone concept and the resulting mathematical and theoretical conclusions. The critical mistake represents a key characteristic of Einstein's theory because it enables him to objectify Time - or treat Time as if it were a Distance. This objectification of motion, a key unstated characteristic of Relativity theory, has led to incorrect theoretical conclusions for over a century.



Einstein's Most Important Philosophical Error

(2011)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com



Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 8, pp. 64-68

2011, 18th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, College Park, MD, United States

Abstract:

A single philosophical error on Einstein's part has retarded physics and cosmology for over a century. The error is simply this: the objectification of motion. Classical mechanics assumed that the universe presents us with two fundamental phenomena: matter and the motion of matter. Matter exists; motion occurs. Matter, that is, anything in existence, has xyz dimensions and location. Motion is not ?part? of the universe; it is what those parts do. In objectifying motion, Einstein assumed instead that motion had material properties. It started out with his assumption that light was a particle instead of wave motion in a sea of particles. This was an objectification similar to the theory that heat was a "caloric fluid", instead of vibratory motion. This one error invalidates the Special and General Theories of Relativity. The attractiveness of those theories is dependent more upon the popularity of indeterministic, unscientific philosophy than upon the validity of the data offered in support. Examined in detail, the oft-cited "proofs" of relativity, such as the Eddington solar eclipse observations and the Hafele-Keating flight of clocks around Earth fail to prove anything. Their interpretation as supportive is an embarrassment to science.



Neomechanical Gravitation Theory

(2012)

Dr. Glenn Borchardt
Progressive Science Institute, P.O. Box 5335, Berkeley, CA 94705-0335, United States; gborchardt@gmail.com, 510-654-1619, www.scientificphilosophy.com
Stephen J. Puetz
puetz.steve@gmail.com





Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 9, pp. 53-58

2012, 19th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Albuquerque, NM, United States

Abstract:

This paper proposes that gravity is caused by the actions of non-isotropic, heterogeneous distributions of aether particles throughout the universe. The Gravitational Pressure Gradient of a massive body describes these divergent aether distributions. The activity and density of free aether particles are greatest in the so-called vacuum of intergalactic space; they are least where the density of baryonic matter is greatest. This gradient is analogous to the atmospheric pressure gradient that surrounds Earth, but in reverse. Aethereal pressure increases with distance from the center of Earth just as it does for all celestial vortices. Ordinary baryonic matter consists of aether complexes that limit the free motion of aether particles, displacing them and producing what is, in effect, a sort of vacuum for aether. In addition to displacement, neomechanical interactions involving the absorption and emission of motion cause decreases in the activity of proximal aether, resulting in the pressure gradient. The result is that gravitation is a universal, but local, phenomenon. This proposal is consistent with the assumption of infinity, which underlies neomechanics and the belief that there are no true pulls in nature, as recognized in Newton's laws of motion. It avoids the problems of non-local causes of gravitation conjectured by Le Sage. The layering produced by a rapidly rotating celestial vortex during its early evolution pushes baryonic matter toward its axis. Satellites stay in orbit because distal aether pressure is greater than proximal aether pressure. The theory also predicts that the velocity of light is a function of aether density, in tune with gravitational and galactic redshift measurements.

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